The procerebrum (PC) of the snail brain is a critical region for odor discrimination and odor learning. The morphological organization and physiological function of the PC has been intensively investigated in several gastropod species; however, the presence and distribution of ion channels in bursting and non-bursting cells has not yet been described. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify the different ion channels present in PC neurons. Based on whole cell patch-clamp and immunohistochemical experiments, we show that Na(+)-, Ca(2+)-, and K(+)-dependent voltage-gated channels are differentially localized and expressed in the cells of the PC. Different Na-channel subtypes are present in large (10-15 μm) and small (5-8 μm) diameter neurons, which are thought to correspond to the bursting and non-bursting cells, respectively. Here, we show that the bursting neurons possess fast sodium current (I NaT) and NaV1.9-like channels and the non-bursting neurons possess slow sodium current (I NaT) and NaV1.8-like channels in addition to the L-type Ca(-), KV4.3 (A-type K-channel) and KV2.1 channels. We suggest that the bursting and/or non-bursting character of the PC neurons is at least partly determined by the battery of ion-channels present and their cellular and subcellular compartmentalization.
Pubmed ID: 23443966 RIS Download
Mesh terms: 4-Aminopyridine | Animals | Biophysical Phenomena | Brain | Cadmium Chloride | Electric Stimulation | Helix (Snails) | Ion Channels | Membrane Potentials | Odorants | Patch-Clamp Techniques | Potassium Channel Blockers | Sensory Receptor Cells | Signal Transduction | Tetraethylammonium
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