Hsp90 is a dimeric ATPase responsible for the activation or maturation of a specific set of substrate proteins termed 'clients'. This molecular chaperone acts in the context of a structurally dynamic and highly regulated cycle involving ATP, co-chaperone proteins and clients. Co-chaperone proteins regulate conformational transitions that may be impaired in mutant forms of Hsp90. We report here that the in vivo impairment of commonly studied Hsp90 variants harbouring the G313S or A587T mutation are exacerbated by the co-chaperone Hch1p. Deletion of HCH1, but not AHA1, mitigates the temperature sensitive phenotype and high sensitivity to Hsp90 inhibitor drugs observed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that express either of these two Hsp90 variants. Moreover, the deletion of HCH1 results in high resistance to Hsp90 inhibitors in yeast that express wildtype Hsp90. Conversely, the overexpression of Hch1p greatly increases sensitivity to Hsp90 inhibition in yeast expressing wildtype Hsp90. We conclude that despite the similarity between these two co-chaperones, Hch1p and Aha1p regulate Hsp90 function in distinct ways and likely independent of their roles as ATPase stimulators. We further conclude that Hch1p plays a critical role in regulating Hsp90 inhibitor drug sensitivity in yeast.
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