The dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) contains serotonergic (5-HT) neurons that project widely throughout the forebrain. These forebrain regions also receive innervation from non-5-HT neurons in the DR. One of the main groups of non-5-HT neurons in the DR is γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic, but their projections are poorly understood due to the difficulty of labeling these neurons immunohistochemically. To identify GABAergic projection neurons within the DR in the current study, we used a knock-in mouse line in which expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) is controlled by the glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)67 promotor. Projections of GAD67-GFP neurons to the prefrontal cortex (PFC), nucleus accumbens (NAC), and lateral hypothalamus (LH) were evaluated by using retrograde tract tracing. The location of GAD67-GFP neurons projecting to each of these areas was mapped by rostrocaudal and dorsoventral location within the DR. Overall, 16% of DR neurons projecting to either the PFC or NAC were identified as GAD67-GFP neurons. GAD67-GFP neurons projecting to the PFC were most commonly found ventrally, in the rostral two-thirds of the DR. NAC-projecting GAD67-GFP neurons had an overlapping distribution that extended dorsally. GAD67-GFP neurons made a larger contribution to the projection of the DR to the LH, accounting for 36% of retrogradely labeled neurons, and were widespread throughout the DR. The current data indicate that DR GABAergic neurons not only may have the capacity to influence local network activity, but also make a notable contribution to DR output to multiple forebrain targets. J. Comp. Neurol. 520:4157-4167, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Pubmed ID: 22605640 RIS Download
Mesh terms: Afferent Pathways | Animals | GABAergic Neurons | Glutamate Decarboxylase | Green Fluorescent Proteins | Hypothalamic Area, Lateral | Mice | Mice, Transgenic | Prosencephalon | Raphe Nuclei | Stilbamidines | Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.