An extended γ-tubulin ring functions as a stable platform in microtubule nucleation.
γ-Tubulin complexes are essential for microtubule (MT) nucleation. The γ-tubulin small complex (γ-TuSC) consists of two molecules of γ-tubulin and one molecule each of Spc97 and Spc98. In vitro, γ-TuSCs oligomerize into spirals of 13 γ-tubulin molecules per turn. However, the properties and numbers of γ-TuSCs at MT nucleation sites in vivo are unclear. In this paper, we show by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching analysis that γ-tubulin was stably integrated into MT nucleation sites and was further stabilized by tubulin binding. Importantly, tubulin showed a stronger interaction with the nucleation site than with the MT plus end, which probably provides the basis for MT nucleation. Quantitative analysis of γ-TuSCs on single MT minus ends argued for nucleation sites consisting of approximately seven γ-TuSCs with approximately three additional γ-tubulin molecules. Nucleation and anchoring of MTs required the same number of γ-tubulin molecules. We suggest that a spiral of seven γ-TuSCs with a slight surplus of γ-tubulin nucleates MTs in vivo.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.