AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: It is thought that the voltage-dependent potassium channel subunit Kv2.1 (Kv2.1) regulates insulin secretion by controlling beta cell electrical excitability. However, this role of Kv2.1 in human insulin secretion has been questioned. Interestingly, Kv2.1 can also regulate exocytosis through direct interaction of its C-terminus with the soluble NSF attachment receptor (SNARE) protein, syntaxin 1A. We hypothesised that this interaction mediates insulin secretion independently of Kv2.1 electrical function. METHODS: Wild-type Kv2.1 or mutants lacking electrical function and syntaxin 1A binding were studied in rodent and human beta cells, and in INS-1 cells. Small intracellular fragments of the channel were used to disrupt native Kv2.1-syntaxin 1A complexes. Single-cell exocytosis and ion channel currents were monitored by patch-clamp electrophysiology. Interaction between Kv2.1, syntaxin 1A and other SNARE proteins was probed by immunoprecipitation. Whole-islet Ca(2+)-responses were monitored by ratiometric Fura red fluorescence and insulin secretion was measured. RESULTS: Upregulation of Kv2.1 directly augmented beta cell exocytosis. This happened independently of channel electrical function, but was dependent on the Kv2.1 C-terminal syntaxin 1A-binding domain. Intracellular fragments of the Kv2.1 C-terminus disrupted native Kv2.1-syntaxin 1A interaction and impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. This was not due to altered ion channel activity or impaired Ca(2+)-responses to glucose, but to reduced SNARE complex formation and Ca(2+)-dependent exocytosis. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Direct interaction between syntaxin 1A and the Kv2.1 C-terminus is required for efficient insulin exocytosis and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. This demonstrates that native Kv2.1-syntaxin 1A interaction plays a key role in human insulin secretion, which is separate from the channel's electrical function.
Pubmed ID: 22411134 RIS Download
Mesh terms: Animals | Cell Line, Tumor | Cells, Cultured | Electrophysiology | Humans | Immunoblotting | Immunoprecipitation | Insulin | Islets of Langerhans | Mice | Protein Binding | Rats | Shab Potassium Channels | Syntaxin 1
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