Reprogramming gene expression is crucial for DNA replication stress response. We used quantitative proteomics to establish how the transcriptional response results in changes in protein levels. We found that expression of G1/S cell-cycle targets are strongly up-regulated upon replication stress, and show that MBF, but not SBF genes, are up-regulated via Rad53-dependent inactivation of the MBF co-repressor Nrm1. A subset of G1/S genes was found to undergo an SBF-to-MBF switch at the G1/S transition, enabling replication stress-induced transcription of genes targeted by SBF during G1. This subset of G1/S genes is characterized by an overlapping Swi4/Mbp1-binding site and is enriched for genes that cause a cell cycle and/or growth defect when overexpressed. Analysis of the prototypical switch gene TOS4 (Target Of SBF 4) reveals its role as a checkpoint effector supporting the importance of this distinct class of G1/S genes for the DNA replication checkpoint response. Our results reveal that replication stress induces expression of G1/S genes via the Rad53-MBF pathway and that an SBF-to-MBF switch characterizes a new class of genes that can be induced by replication stress.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch® is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch® will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch®, however this is not currently a free service.