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Uberon, an integrative multi-species anatomy ontology.

We present Uberon, an integrated cross-species ontology consisting of over 6,500 classes representing a variety of anatomical entities, organized according to traditional anatomical classification criteria. The ontology represents structures in a species-neutral way and includes extensive associations to existing species-centric anatomical ontologies, allowing integration of model organism and human data. Uberon provides a necessary bridge between anatomical structures in different taxa for cross-species inference. It uses novel methods for representing taxonomic variation, and has proved to be essential for translational phenotype analyses. Uberon is available at

Pubmed ID: 22293552


  • Mungall CJ
  • Torniai C
  • Gkoutos GV
  • Lewis SE
  • Haendel MA


Genome biology

Publication Data

July 4, 2012

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NCRR NIH HHS, Id: 1U24RR029825-01
  • Agency: NHGRI NIH HHS, Id: 5R01HG004838
  • Agency: NHGRI NIH HHS, Id: P41HG002273
  • Agency: NHGRI NIH HHS, Id: P41HG002273-09S1
  • Agency: NHGRI NIH HHS, Id: R01 HG004838
  • Agency: NHGRI NIH HHS, Id: U41 HG002273

Mesh Terms

  • Anatomy, Comparative
  • Classification
  • Computational Biology
  • Databases, Factual
  • Humans
  • Phenotype
  • Software
  • Species Specificity