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A novel dual signaling axis for NSP 5a3a induced apoptosis in head and neck carcinoma.

Oncotarget | Dec 23, 2011

NSP 5a3a is a novel structural protein found to be over-expressed in certain cancer cell lines in-vitro such as Hela, Saos-2, and MCF-7 while barely detectable levels in normal body tissues except for Testis. This particular isoform has been known to interact with cyto- nuclear proteins B23, known to be involved in multi-faceted cellular processes such as cell division, apoptosis, ribosome biogenesis, and rRNA processing, as well as with hnRNP-L, known to be involved with RNA metabolism and rRNA processing. A previous preliminary investigation of NSP 5a3a as a potential target in Head and Neck Carcinoma revealed a novel p73 dependent mechanism through which NSP 5a3a induced apoptosis in Head and Neck cell lines when over-expressed in-vitro. Our present investigation further elucidated a novel dual axis signaling point by which NSP 5a3a induces apoptosis in Head and Neck cell line HN30 through p73-DAXX and TRAF2-TRADD. Interestingly, this novel mechanism appears independent of canonical caspases involved in the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway as well as those in the death receptor pathway thru TRAF2 and TRADD.

Pubmed ID: 22170762 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing | Apoptosis | Carcinoma, Squamous Cell | Cell Division | Cell Line, Tumor | DNA-Binding Proteins | Head and Neck Neoplasms | Humans | Nuclear Proteins | Signal Transduction | TNF Receptor-Associated Death Domain Protein | TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 2 | Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor-Associated Peptides and Proteins | Tumor Protein p73 | Tumor Suppressor Proteins

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Eukaryotic Linear Motif

Computational biology resource for investigating candidate functional sites in eukarytic proteins. Functional sites which fit to the description linear motif are currently specified as patterns using Regular Expression rules. To improve the predictive power, context-based rules and logical filters are being developed and applied to reduce the amount of false positives. The current version of the ELM server provides core functionality including filtering by cell compartment, phylogeny, globular domain clash (using the SMART/Pfam databases) and structure. In addition, both the known ELM instances and any positionally conserved matches in sequences similar to ELM instance sequences are identified and displayed (see ELM instance mapper). Although the ELM resource contains a large collection of functional site motifs, the current set of motifs is not exhaustive.

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