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Fine-tuning of Drp1/Fis1 availability by AKAP121/Siah2 regulates mitochondrial adaptation to hypoxia.

Defining the mechanisms underlying the control of mitochondrial fusion and fission is critical to understanding cellular adaptation to diverse physiological conditions. Here we demonstrate that hypoxia induces fission of mitochondrial membranes, dependent on availability of the mitochondrial scaffolding protein AKAP121. AKAP121 controls mitochondria dynamics through PKA-dependent inhibitory phosphorylation of Drp1 and PKA-independent inhibition of Drp1-Fis1 interaction. Reduced availability of AKAP121 by the ubiquitin ligase Siah2 relieves Drp1 inhibition by PKA and increases its interaction with Fis1, resulting in mitochondrial fission. High AKAP121 levels, seen in cells lacking Siah2, attenuate fission and reduce apoptosis of cardiomyocytes under simulated ischemia. Infarct size and degree of cell death were reduced in Siah2(-/-) mice subjected to myocardial infarction. Inhibition of Siah2 or Drp1 in hatching C. elegans reduces their life span. Through modulating Fis1/Drp1 complex availability, our studies identify Siah2 as a key regulator of hypoxia-induced mitochondrial fission and its physiological significance in ischemic injury and nematode life span.

Pubmed ID: 22099302


  • Kim H
  • Scimia MC
  • Wilkinson D
  • Trelles RD
  • Wood MR
  • Bowtell D
  • Dillin A
  • Mercola M
  • Ronai ZA


Molecular cell

Publication Data

November 18, 2011

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: CA1111515
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: CA128814
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL088266
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL098053
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: P01 CA128814
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: P01 CA128814-03
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: P01 CA128814-04
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: R01 CA111515
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: R01 CA111515-07
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: R01 CA111515-08
  • Agency: NIEHS NIH HHS, Id: R01 ES021667
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: R33 HL088266

Mesh Terms

  • A Kinase Anchor Proteins
  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Animals
  • Anoxia
  • Apoptosis
  • Caenorhabditis elegans
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins
  • Cell Line
  • Dynamins
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lentivirus
  • Longevity
  • Membrane Fusion
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Mitochondria
  • Mitochondrial Membranes
  • Mitochondrial Proteins
  • Myocardial Ischemia
  • Myocytes, Cardiac
  • Phosphorylation
  • Transduction, Genetic
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases