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Cdk1 phosphorylation of the kinetochore protein Nsk1 prevents error-prone chromosome segregation.

Cdk1 controls many aspects of mitotic chromosome behavior and spindle microtubule (MT) dynamics to ensure accurate chromosome segregation. In this paper, we characterize a new kinetochore substrate of fission yeast Cdk1, Nsk1, which promotes proper kinetochore-MT (k-MT) interactions and chromosome movements in a phosphoregulated manner. Cdk1 phosphorylation of Nsk1 antagonizes Nsk1 kinetochore and spindle localization during early mitosis. A nonphosphorylatable Nsk1 mutant binds prematurely to kinetochores and spindle, cementing improper k-MT attachments and leading to high rates of lagging chromosomes that missegregate. Accordingly, cells lacking nsk1 exhibit synthetic growth defects with mutations that disturb MT dynamics and/or kinetochore structure, and lack of proper phosphoregulation leads to even more severe defects. Intriguingly, Nsk1 is stabilized by binding directly to the dynein light chain Dlc1 independently of the dynein motor, and Nsk1-Dlc1 forms chainlike structures in vitro. Our findings establish new roles for Cdk1 and the Nsk1-Dlc1 complex in regulating the k-MT interface and chromosome segregation.

Pubmed ID: 22065639

Authors

  • Chen JS
  • Lu LX
  • Ohi MD
  • Creamer KM
  • English C
  • Partridge JF
  • Ohi R
  • Gould KL

Journal

The Journal of cell biology

Publication Data

November 14, 2011

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NIH HHS, Id: 1DP2OD004483
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: GM068786
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: P30CA021765
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: R01 GM086610
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: R01GM086610
  • Agency: Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Id:

Mesh Terms

  • CDC2 Protein Kinase
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Chromosome Segregation
  • Chromosomes, Fungal
  • Dyneins
  • Kinetochores
  • Microtubules
  • Mitosis
  • Phosphorylation
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Spindle Apparatus