Nedd4-dependent lysine-11-linked polyubiquitination of the tumour suppressor Beclin 1.
Beclin 1, a subunit of the class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex, is a tumour suppressor with a central role in endocytic trafficking, cytokinesis and the cross-regulation between autophagy and apoptosis. Interestingly, not only reduced expression but also overexpression of Beclin 1 is correlated with cancer development and metastasis. Thus it seems necessary for the cell to balance the protein levels of Beclin 1. In the present study we describe a regulatory link between Beclin 1 and the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4 (neural-precursor-cell-expressed developmentally down-regulated 4). We establish Nedd4 as a novel binding partner of Beclin 1 and demonstrate that Nedd4 polyubiquitinates Beclin 1 with Lys11- and Lys63-linked chains. Importantly, Nedd4 expression controls the stability of Beclin 1, and depletion of the Beclin 1-interacting protein VPS34 causes Nedd4-mediated proteasomal degradation of Beclin 1 via Lys11-linked polyubiquitin chains. Beclin 1 is thus the first tumour suppressor reported to be controlled by Lys11-linked polyubiquitination.
Pubmed ID: 21936852 RIS Download
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins | Beclin-1 | Class III Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases | Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport | Gene Expression Regulation | HeLa Cells | Humans | Membrane Proteins | Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases | Protein Stability | Proteolysis | Ubiquitin | Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases | Ubiquitination