Loss of Mecp2 in substantia nigra dopamine neurons compromises the nigrostriatal pathway.
Mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) result in Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked disorder that disrupts neurodevelopment. Girls with RTT exhibit motor deficits similar to those in Parkinson's disease, suggesting defects in the nigrostriatal pathway. This study examined age-dependent changes in dopamine neurons of the substantia nigra (SN) from wild-type, presymptomatic, and symptomatic Mecp2(+/-) mice. Mecp2(+) neurons in the SN in Mecp2(+/-) mice were indistinguishable in morphology, resting conductance, and dopamine current density from neurons in wild-type mice. However, the capacitance, total dendritic length, and resting conductance of Mecp2(-) neurons were less than those of Mecp2(+) neurons as early as 4 weeks after birth, before overt symptoms. These differences were maintained throughout life. In symptomatic Mecp2(+/-) mice, the current induced by activation of D(2) dopamine autoreceptors was significantly less in Mecp2(-) neurons than in Mecp2(+) neurons, although D(2) receptor density was unaltered in Mecp2(+/-) mice. Electrochemical measurements revealed that significantly less dopamine was released after stimulation of striatum in adult Mecp2(+/-) mice compared to wild type. The decrease in size and function of Mecp2(-) neurons observed in adult Mecp2(+/-) mice was recapitulated in dopamine neurons from symptomatic Mecp2(-/y) males. These results show that mutation in Mecp2 results in cell-autonomous defects in the SN early in life and throughout adulthood. Ultimately, dysfunction in terminal dopamine release and D(2) autoreceptor-dependent currents in dopamine neurons from symptomatic females support the idea that decreased dopamine transmission due to heterogeneous Mecp2 expression contributes to the parkinsonian features of RTT in Mecp2(+/-) mice.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.