DJ-1 inhibits TRAIL-induced apoptosis by blocking pro-caspase-8 recruitment to FADD.
DJ-1 was initially identified as an oncogene product involved in human tumorigenesis in cooperation with Ras. Increased DJ-1 expression is associated with tumorigenesis in many cancers, whereas the loss of DJ-1 function is linked to an autosomal recessive form of Parkinson's disease (PD). It has been reported that DJ-1 protects cells from TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand)-induced apoptosis. However, the mechanism by which DJ-1 is involved is still largely unknown. Here we show that DJ-1 inhibits TRAIL-induced apoptosis by blocking Fas-associated protein death domain (FADD)-mediated pro-caspase-8 activation. Wild-type DJ-1, but not the PD-associated mutant L166P, binds to FADD to inhibit the formation of the death-inducing signaling complex (DISC). DJ-1 competes with pro-caspase-8 to bind to FADD at the death effector domain, thereby repressing the recruitment and activation of pro-caspase-8 to the active form of caspase-8. Thus, our study suggests that DJ-1 protects against TRAIL-induced apoptosis through the regulation of DISC formation.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.