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The c-Abl-MST1 signaling pathway mediates oxidative stress-induced neuronal cell death.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21715626

Oxidative stress influences cell survival and homeostasis, but the mechanisms underlying the biological effects of oxidative stress remain to be elucidated. The protein kinase MST1 (mammalian Ste20-like kinase 1) plays a major role in oxidative stress-induced cell death in primary mammalian neurons. However, the mechanisms that regulate MST1 in oxidative stress responses remain largely unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate that the protein kinase c-Abl phosphorylates MST1 at Y433, which triggers the stabilization and activation of MST1. Inhibition of c-Abl promotes the degradation of MST1 through C terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP)-mediated ubiquitination, and thereby attenuates cell death. Oxidative stress induces the c-Abl-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of MST1 and increases the interaction between MST1 and FOXO3 (Forkhead box O3), thereby activating the MST1-FOXO signaling pathway, leading to cell death in both primary culture neurons and rat hippocampal neurons. The identification of the c-Abl tyrosine kinase as a novel upstream activator of MST1 suggests that the c-Abl-MST1 signaling cascade plays an important role in cellular responses to oxidative stress.

Pubmed ID: 21715626 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Blotting, Western | Cell Death | Cells, Cultured | Cerebellum | Forkhead Transcription Factors | Hippocampus | Immunohistochemistry | Immunoprecipitation | Male | Neurons | Oxidative Stress | Phosphorylation | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl | Rats | Rats, Sprague-Dawley | Signal Transduction | Transfection | Ubiquitination