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Genome-wide analysis reveals PADI4 cooperates with Elk-1 to activate c-Fos expression in breast cancer cells.

PLoS genetics | Jun 9, 2011

Peptidylarginine deiminase IV (PADI4) catalyzes the conversion of positively charged arginine and methylarginine residues to neutrally charged citrulline, and this activity has been linked to the repression of a limited number of target genes. To broaden our knowledge of the regulatory potential of PADI4, we utilized chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with promoter tiling array (ChIP-chip) analysis to more comprehensively investigate the range of PADI4 target genes across the genome in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Results showed that PADI4 is enriched in gene promoter regions near transcription start sites (TSSs); and, surprisingly, this pattern of binding is primarily associated with actively transcribed genes. Computational analysis found potential binding sites for Elk-1, a member of the ETS oncogene family, to be highly enriched around PADI4 binding sites; and coimmunoprecipitation analysis then confirmed that Elk-1 physically associates with PADI4. To better understand how PADI4 may facilitate gene transactivation, we then show that PADI4 interacts with Elk-1 at the c-Fos promoter and that, following Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) stimulation, PADI4 catalytic activity facilitates Elk-1 phosphorylation, histone H4 acetylation, and c-Fos transcriptional activation. These results define a novel role for PADI4 as a transcription factor co-activator.

Pubmed ID: 21655091 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Binding Sites | Breast Neoplasms | Cell Line, Tumor | Female | Genome, Human | Genome-Wide Association Study | Humans | Hydrolases | Phosphorylation | Promoter Regions, Genetic | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos | Transcriptional Activation | ets-Domain Protein Elk-1

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK069710
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R01 DK058110
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK58110
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R56 DK069710
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R01 DK069710

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UCSC Genome Browser

A collection of genomes which include reference sequences and working draft assemblies, as well as a variety of tools to explore these sequences. The Genome Browser zooms and scrolls over chromosomes, showing the work of annotators worldwide. The Gene Sorter shows expression, homology and other information on groups of genes that can be related in many ways. Blat quickly maps your sequence to the genome. The Table Browser provides access to the underlying database. VisiGene lets you browse through a large collection of in situ mouse and frog images to examine expression patterns. Genome Graphs allows you to upload and display genome-wide data sets. Also provided is a portal to the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) and Neandertal projects.


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Gene Expression Omnibus

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Gene Regulation Databases

In an effort to strongly support the collaborative nature of scientific research, BIOBASE offers academic and non-profit organizations free access to reduced functionality versions of their products. TRANSFAC Professional provides gene regulation analysis solutions, offering the most comprehensive collection of eukaryotic gene regulation data. The professional paid subscription gives customers access to up-to-date data and tools not available in the free version. The public databases currently available for academic and non-profit organizations are: * TRANSFAC: contains data on transcription factors, their experimentally-proven binding sites, and regulated genes. Its broad compilation of binding sites allows the derivation of positional weight matrices. * TRANSPATH: provides data about molecules participating in signal transduction pathways and the reactions they are involved in, resulting in a complex network of interconnected signaling components.TRANSPATH focuses on signaling cascades that change the activities of transcription factors and thus alter the gene expression profile of a given cell. * PathoDB: is a database on pathologically relevant mutated forms of transcription factors and their binding sites. It comprises numerous cases of defective transcription factors or mutated transcription factor binding sites, which are known to cause pathological defects. * S/MARt DB: presents data on scaffold or matrix attached regions (S/MARs) of eukaryotic genomes, as well as about the proteins that bind to them. S/MARs organize the chromatin in the form of functionally independent loop domains gained increasing support. Scaffold or Matrix Attached Regions (S/MARs) are genomic DNA sequences through which the chromatin is tightly attached to the proteinaceous scaffold of the nucleus. * TRANSCompel: is a database on composite regulatory elements affecting gene transcription in eukaryotes. Composite regulatory elements consist of two closely situated binding sites for distinct transcription factors, and provide cross-coupling of different signaling pathways. * PathoSign Public: is a database which collects information about defective cell signaling molecules causing human diseases. While constituting a useful data repository in itself, PathoSign is also aimed at being a foundational part of a platform for modeling human disease processes.


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