Protein phosphatase 2A-SUR-6/B55 regulates centriole duplication in C. elegans by controlling the levels of centriole assembly factors.
Centrioles play a crucial role in mitotic spindle assembly and duplicate precisely once per cell cycle. In worms, flies, and humans, centriole assembly is dependent upon a key regulatory kinase (ZYG-1/Sak/Plk4) and its downstream effectors SAS-5 and SAS-6. Here we report a role for protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in centriole duplication. We find that the PP2A catalytic subunit LET-92, the scaffolding subunit PAA-1, and the B55 regulatory subunit SUR-6 function together to positively regulate centriole assembly. In PP2A-SUR-6-depleted embryos, the levels of ZYG-1 and SAS-5 are reduced and the ZYG-1- and SAS-5-dependent recruitment of SAS-6 to the nascent centriole fails. We show that PP2A physically associates with SAS-5 in vivo and that inhibiting proteolysis can rescue SAS-5 levels and the centriole duplication defect of PP2A-depleted embryos. Together, our findings indicate that PP2A-SUR-6 promotes centriole assembly by protecting ZYG-1 and SAS-5 from degradation.
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