The Caenorhabditis elegans JIP3 protein UNC-16 functions as an adaptor to link kinesin-1 with cytoplasmic dynein.
Kinesin-1 is a microtubule plus-end-directed motor that transports various cargos along the axon. Previous studies have elucidated the physical and genetic interactions between kinesin-1 and cytoplasmic dynein, a microtubule minus-end-directed motor, in neuronal cells. However, the physiological importance of kinesin-1 in the dynein-dependent retrograde transport of cargo molecules remains obscure. Here, we show that Caenorhabditis elegans kinesin-1 forms a complex with dynein via its interaction with UNC-16, which binds to the dynein light intermediate (DLI) chain. Both kinesin-1 and UNC-16 are required for localization of DLI-1 at the plus ends of nerve process microtubules. In addition, retrograde transport of APL-1 depends on kinesin-1, UNC-16, and dynein. These results suggest that kinesin-1 mediates the anterograde transport of dynein using UNC-16 as a scaffold and that dynein in turn mediates the retrograde transport of cargo molecules in vivo. Thus, UNC-16 functions as an adaptor for kinesin-1-mediated transport of dynein.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.