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An embedded subnetwork of highly active neurons in the neocortex.

Neuron | Dec 22, 2010

VIDEO ABSTRACT: Unbiased methods to assess the firing activity of individual neurons in the neocortex have revealed that a large proportion of cells fire at extremely low rates (<0.1 Hz), both in their spontaneous and evoked activity. Thus, firing in neocortical networks appears to be dominated by a small population of highly active neurons. Here, we use a fosGFP transgenic mouse to examine the properties of cells with a recent history of elevated activity. FosGFP-expressing layer 2/3 pyramidal cells fired at higher rates compared to fosGFP(-) neurons, both in vivo and in vitro. Elevated activity could be attributed to increased excitatory and decreased inhibitory drive to fosGFP(+) neurons. Paired-cell recordings indicated that fosGFP(+) neurons had a greater likelihood of being connected to each other. These findings indicate that highly active, interconnected neuronal ensembles are present in the neocortex and suggest these cells may play a role in the encoding of sensory information.

Pubmed ID: 21172607 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Action Potentials | Animals | Animals, Newborn | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Mice, Transgenic | Neocortex | Nerve Net | Neurons

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