Mannose trimming is required for delivery of a glycoprotein from EDEM1 to XTP3-B and to late endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation steps.
Although the trimming of α1,2-mannose residues from precursor N-linked oligosaccharides is an essential step in the delivery of misfolded glycoproteins to endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD), the exact role of this trimming is unclear. EDEM1 was initially suggested to bind N-glycans after mannose trimming, a role presently ascribed to the lectins OS9 and XTP3-B, because of their in vitro affinities for trimmed oligosaccharides. We have shown before that ER mannosidase I (ERManI) is required for the trimming and concentrates together with the ERAD substrate and ERAD machinery in the pericentriolar ER-derived quality control compartment (ERQC). Inhibition of mannose trimming prevents substrate accumulation in the ERQC. Here, we show that the mannosidase inhibitor kifunensine or ERManI knockdown do not affect binding of an ERAD substrate glycoprotein to EDEM1. In contrast, substrate association with XTP3-B and with the E3 ubiquitin ligases HRD1 and SCF(Fbs2) was inhibited. Consistently, whereas the ERAD substrate partially colocalized upon proteasomal inhibition with EDEM1, HRD1, and Fbs2 at the ERQC, colocalization was repressed by mannosidase inhibition in the case of the E3 ligases but not for EDEM1. Interestingly, association and colocalization of the substrate with Derlin-1 was independent of mannose trimming. The HRD1 adaptor protein SEL1L had been suggested to play a role in N-glycan-dependent substrate delivery to OS9 and XTP3-B. However, substrate association with XTP3-B was still dependent on mannose trimming upon SEL1L knockdown. Our results suggest that mannose trimming enables delivery of a substrate glycoprotein from EDEM1 to late ERAD steps through association with XTP3-B.