PIPKI gamma 90 negatively regulates LFA-1-mediated adhesion and activation in antigen-induced CD4+ T cells.
T cell activation requires the formation and maintenance of stable interactions between T cells and APCs. The formation of stable T cell-APC contacts depends on the activation of the integrin LFA-1 (CD11aCD18). Several positive regulators of LFA-1 activation downstream of proximal TCR signaling have been identified, including talin; however, negative regulators of LFA-1 activity remain largely unexplored. Extended isoform of phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase type I γ (PIPKIγ90) is a member of the type I phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase family that has been shown previously to modulate talin activation of integrins through production of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and direct binding to talin. In this study, we show that PIPKIγ90 negatively regulates LFA-1-mediated adhesion and activation of T cells. Using CD4(+) T cells from PIPKIγ90-deficient mice, we show that CD4(+) T cells exhibit increased LFA-1-dependent adhesion to ICAM-1 and increased rates of T cell-APC conjugate formation with enhanced LFA-1 polarization at the synapse. In addition to increased adhesiveness, PIPKIγ90-deficient T cells exhibit increased proliferation both in vitro and in vivo and increased production of IFN-γ and IL-2. Together, these results demonstrate that PIPKIγ90 is a negative regulator of Ag-induced T cell adhesion and activation.