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Notch1 is required for maintenance of the reservoir of adult hippocampal stem cells.

Notch1 regulates neural stem cell (NSC) number during development, but its role in adult neurogenesis is unclear. We generated nestin-CreER(T2)/R26R-YFP/Notch1(loxP/loxP) [Notch1inducible knock-out (iKO)] mice to allow tamoxifen (TAM)-inducible elimination of Notch1 and concomitant expression of yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) in nestin-expressing Type-1 NSCs and their progeny in the adult hippocampal subgranular zone (SGZ). Consistent with previous research, YFP+ cells in all stages of neurogenesis were evident in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of wild-type (WT) mice (nestin-CreER(T2)/R26R-YFP/Notch1(w/w)) after tamoxifen (post-TAM), producing adult-generated YFP+ dentate gyrus neurons. Compared with WT littermates, Notch1 iKO mice had similar numbers of total SGZ YFP+ cells 13 and 30 d post-TAM but had significantly fewer SGZ YFP+ cells 60 and 90 d post-TAM. Significantly fewer YFP+ Type-1 NSCs and transiently amplifying progenitors (TAPs) resulted in generation of fewer YFP+ granule neurons in Notch1 iKO mice. Strikingly, 30 d of running rescued this deficit, as the total YFP+ cell number in Notch iKO mice was equivalent to WT levels. This was even more notable given the persistent deficits in the Type-1 NSC and TAP reservoirs. Our data show that Notch1 signaling is required to maintain a reservoir of undifferentiated cells and ensure continuity of adult hippocampal neurogenesis, but that alternative Notch- and Type-1 NSC-independent pathways compensate in response to physical activity. These data shed light on the complex relationship between Type-1 NSCs, adult neurogenesis, the neurogenic niche, and environmental stimuli.

Pubmed ID: 20685991

Authors

  • Ables JL
  • Decarolis NA
  • Johnson MA
  • Rivera PD
  • Gao Z
  • Cooper DC
  • Radtke F
  • Hsieh J
  • Eisch AJ

Journal

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Publication Data

August 4, 2010

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: DA016765
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: DA023555
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: DA023701
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: F31 NS064632
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: F31 NS064632-01A1
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: F31 NS064632-02
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: K01 DA017750
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: K02 DA023555
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: K02 DA023555-01
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: K02 DA023555-02
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: K02 DA023555-03
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: K02 DA023555-04
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: K02 DA023555-05
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: MH076690
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: R01 DA016765
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: R01 DA016765-07
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: R01 DA016765-07S2
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: R01 DA016765-08
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: R21 DA023701
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: R21 DA023701-01A1
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: R21 DA023701-02
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: T32 DA007290
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: T32 DA007290
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: T32 DA007290-16
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: T32 DA007290-17
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: T32 DA007290-18
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: T32 DA007290-19
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: T32 MH076690
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: T32 MH076690-01A1
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: T32 MH076690-02
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: T32 MH076690-03
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: T32 MH076690-04
  • Agency: NIMH NIH HHS, Id: T32 MH076690-05

Mesh Terms

  • Adult Stem Cells
  • Animals
  • Cell Count
  • Hippocampus
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Neurogenesis
  • Neurons
  • Physical Conditioning, Animal
  • Receptor, Notch1