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Deletion of TDP-43 down-regulates Tbc1d1, a gene linked to obesity, and alters body fat metabolism.

Tat activating regulatory DNA-binding protein (Tardbp or TDP-43), a highly conserved metazoan DNA/RNA binding protein thought to be involved in RNA transcription and splicing, has been linked to the pathophysiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration and is essential for early embryonic development. However, neither the physiological role of TDP-43 in the adult nor its downstream targets are well defined. To address these questions, we developed conditional Tardbp-KO mice and embryonic stem (ES) cell models. Here, we show that postnatal deletion of Tardbp in mice caused dramatic loss of body fat followed by rapid death. Moreover, conditional Tardbp-KO ES cells failed to proliferate. Importantly, high-throughput DNA sequencing analysis on the transcriptome of ES cells lacking Tardbp revealed a set of downstream targets of TDP-43. We show that Tbc1d1, a gene known to mediate leanness and linked to obesity, is down-regulated in the absence of TDP-43. Collectively, our results establish that TDP-43 is critical for fat metabolism and ES cell survival.

Pubmed ID: 20660762


  • Chiang PM
  • Ling J
  • Jeong YH
  • Price DL
  • Aja SM
  • Wong PC


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

September 14, 2010

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R01 NS040014
  • Agency: NINDS NIH HHS, Id: R01 NS41438

Mesh Terms

  • Adipose Tissue
  • Animals
  • Cell Survival
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Down-Regulation
  • Gene Deletion
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Muscle, Skeletal
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Obesity
  • Stem Cells