GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)-Rs) play a significant role in mediating fast synaptic inhibition and it is the main inhibitory receptor in the CNS. The role of Wnt signaling in coordinating synapse structure and function in the mature CNS is poorly understood. In previous studies we found that Wnt ligands can modulate excitatory synapses through remodeling both presynaptic and postsynaptic regions. In this current study we provide evidence for the effect of Wnt-5a on postsynaptic GABA(A)-Rs. We observed that Wnt-5a induces surface expression and maintenance of this receptor in the neuronal membrane. The evoked IPSC recordings in rat hippocampal slice indicate that Wnt-5a can regulates postsynaptically the hippocampal inhibitory synapses. We found also that Wnt-5a: (a) induces the insertion and clustering of GABA(A)-Rs in the membrane; (b) increases the amplitude of GABA-currents due exclusively to postsynaptic mechanisms; (c) does not affect the endocytic process, but increases the receptor recycling. Finally, all these effects on the GABA(A)-Rs are mediated by the activation of calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII). Therefore, we postulate that Wnt-5a, by activation of CaMKII, induces the recycling of functional GABA(A)-Rs on the mature hippocampal neurons.
Pubmed ID: 20573888 RIS Download
Mesh terms: Analysis of Variance | Animals | Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 | Cell Membrane | Cells, Cultured | Electrophysiology | Endocytosis | Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay | Hippocampus | Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials | Miniature Postsynaptic Potentials | Neural Inhibition | Neurons | Presynaptic Terminals | Rats | Rats, Wistar | Receptors, GABA-A | Signal Transduction | Statistics, Nonparametric | Synapses | Wnt Proteins | Wnt-5a Protein
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