Mammalian alpha4 phosphoprotein, the homolog of yeast Tap42, is a component of the mammalian target-of-rapamycin (mTOR) pathway that regulates ribogenesis, the initiation of translation, and cell-cycle progression. alpha4 is known to interact with the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac) and to regulate PP2A activity. Using alpha4 as bait in yeast two-hybrid screening of a human K562 erythroleukemia cDNA library, EDD (E3 isolated by differential display) E3 ubiquitin ligase was identified as a new protein partner of alpha4. EDD is the mammalian ortholog of Drosophila hyperplastic discs gene (hyd) that controls cell proliferation during development. The EDD protein contains a PABC domain that is present in poly(A)-binding protein (PABP), suggesting that PABP may also interact with alpha4. PABP recruits translation factors to the poly(A)-tails of mRNAs. In the present study, immunoprecipitation/immunoblotting (IP/IB) analyses showed a physical interaction between alpha4 and EDD in rat Nb2 T-lymphoma and human MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines. alpha4 also interacted with PABP in Nb2, MCF-7 and the human Jurkat T-leukemic and K562 myeloma cell lines. COS-1 cells, transfected with Flag-tagged-pSG5-EDD, gave a (Flag)-EDD-alpha4 immunocomplex. Furthermore, deletion mutants of alpha4 were constructed to determine the binding site for EDD. IP/IB analysis showed that EDD bound to the C-terminal region of alpha4, independent of the alpha4-PP2Ac binding site. Therefore, in addition to PP2Ac, alpha4 interacts with EDD and PABP, suggesting its involvement in multiple steps in the mTOR pathway that leads to translation initiation and cell-cycle progression.
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