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Systemically dispersed innate IL-13-expressing cells in type 2 immunity.

Type 2 immunity is a stereotyped host response to allergens and parasitic helminths that is sustained in large part by the cytokines IL-4 and IL-13. Recent advances have called attention to the contributions by innate cells in initiating adaptive immunity, including a novel lineage-negative population of cells that secretes IL-13 and IL-5 in response to the epithelial cytokines IL-25 and IL-33. Here, we use IL-4 and IL-13 reporter mice to track lineage-negative innate cells that arise during type 2 immunity or in response to IL-25 and IL-33 in vivo. Unexpectedly, lineage-negative IL-25 (and IL-33) responsive cells are widely distributed in tissues of the mouse and are particularly prevalent in mesenteric lymph nodes, spleen, and liver. These cells expand robustly in response to exogenous IL-25 or IL-33 and after infection with the helminth Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, and they are the major innate IL-13-expressing cells under these conditions. Activation of these cells using IL-25 is sufficient for worm clearance, even in the absence of adaptive immunity. Widely dispersed innate type 2 helper cells, which we designate Ih2 cells, play an integral role in type 2 immune responses.

Pubmed ID: 20534524


  • Price AE
  • Liang HE
  • Sullivan BM
  • Reinhardt RL
  • Eisley CJ
  • Erle DJ
  • Locksley RM


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

June 22, 2010

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NIAID NIH HHS, Id: AI26918
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL085089
  • Agency: NIAID NIH HHS, Id: R01 AI030663
  • Agency: NIAID NIH HHS, Id: R37 AI026918
  • Agency: NIAID NIH HHS, Id: U19 AI077439
  • Agency: Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Id:

Mesh Terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Lineage
  • Cytokines
  • Eosinophils
  • Immune System
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Interleukin-13
  • Interleukin-4
  • Interleukins
  • Lymph Nodes
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Nippostrongylus