The recirculation of leukocytes is essential for proper immune responses. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate the entry of leukocytes into the lymphatics remain unclear. Here we show that plexin-A1, a principal receptor component for class III and class VI semaphorins, was crucially involved in the entry of dendritic cells (DCs) into the lymphatics. Additionally, we show that the semaphorin Sema3A, but not Sema6C or Sema6D, was required for DC transmigration and that Sema3A produced by the lymphatics promoted actomyosin contraction at the trailing edge of migrating DCs. Our findings not only demonstrate that semaphorin signals are involved in DC trafficking but also identify a previously unknown mechanism that induces actomyosin contraction as these cells pass through narrow gaps.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.