Lin28a transgenic mice manifest size and puberty phenotypes identified in human genetic association studies.
Recently, genome-wide association studies have implicated the human LIN28B locus in regulating height and the timing of menarche. LIN28B and its homolog LIN28A are functionally redundant RNA-binding proteins that block biogenesis of let-7 microRNAs. lin-28 and let-7 were discovered in Caenorhabditis elegans as heterochronic regulators of larval and vulval development but have recently been implicated in cancer, stem cell aging and pluripotency. The let-7 targets Myc, Kras, Igf2bp1 and Hmga2 are known regulators of mammalian body size and metabolism. To explore the function of the Lin28-Let-7 pathway in vivo, we engineered transgenic mice to express Lin28a and observed in them increased body size, crown-rump length and delayed onset of puberty. Investigation of metabolic and endocrine mechanisms of overgrowth in these transgenic mice revealed increased glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Here we report a mouse that models the human phenotypes associated with genetic variation in the Lin28-Let-7 pathway.
Pubmed ID: 20512147 RIS Download
Animals | Blood Glucose | Body Size | Female | Gene Expression Profiling | Genetic Association Studies | Glucose | Humans | Insulin | Male | Mice | Mice, Inbred BALB C | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Mice, Transgenic | MicroRNAs | Models, Animal | Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis | Phenotype | RNA-Binding Proteins | Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction | Sexual Maturation | Time Factors