• Register
X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X

Leaving Community

Are you sure you want to leave this community? Leaving the community will revoke any permissions you have been granted in this community.

No
Yes

Resveratrol regulates pathologic angiogenesis by a eukaryotic elongation factor-2 kinase-regulated pathway.

Abnormal angiogenesis is central to the pathophysiology of diverse disease processes including cancers, ischemic and atherosclerotic heart disease, and visually debilitating eye disease. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring phytoalexin that has been demonstrated to ameliorate and decelerate the aging process as well as blunt end organ damage from obesity. These effects of resveratrol are largely mediated by members of the sirtuin family of proteins. We demonstrate that resveratrol can inhibit pathological angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro by a sirtuin-independent pathway. Resveratrol inhibits the proliferation and migration of vascular endothelial cells by activating eukaryotic elongation factor-2 kinase. The active kinase in turn phosphorylates and inactivates elongation factor-2, a key mediator of ribosomal transfer and protein translation. Functional inhibition of the kinase by gene deletion in vivo or RNA as well as pharmacological inhibition in vitro is able to completely reverse the effects of resveratrol on blood vessel growth. These studies have identified a novel and critical pathway that promotes aberrant vascular proliferation and one that is amenable to modulation by pharmacological means. In addition, these results have uncovered a sirtuin-independent pathway by which resveratrol regulates angiogenesis.

Pubmed ID: 20472894

Authors

  • Khan AA
  • Dace DS
  • Ryazanov AG
  • Kelly J
  • Apte RS

Journal

The American journal of pathology

Publication Data

July 7, 2010

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: K08EY016139
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: P30 EY 02687

Mesh Terms

  • Adenylate Kinase
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Elongation Factor 2 Kinase
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Eye
  • Lasers
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic
  • Signal Transduction
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Stilbenes