The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is an essential multisubunit complex that regulates the activity of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases by removing the ubiquitin-like peptide NEDD8 from cullins. Here, we demonstrate that the CSN can affect other components of the ubiquitination cascade. Down-regulation of human CSN4 or CSN5 induced proteasome-mediated degradation of the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBC3/Cdc34. UBC3 was targeted for ubiquitination by the cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase SCF(betaTrCP). This interaction required the acidic C-terminal extension of UBC3, which is absent in ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes of the UBCH5 family. Conversely, the UBC3 acidic domain was sufficient to impart sensitivity to SCF(betaTrCP)-mediated ubiquitination to UBCH5 enzymes. Our work indicates that the CSN is necessary to ensure the stability of selected ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes and uncovers a novel pathway of regulation of ubiquitination processes.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.