The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is an essential multisubunit complex that regulates the activity of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases by removing the ubiquitin-like peptide NEDD8 from cullins. Here, we demonstrate that the CSN can affect other components of the ubiquitination cascade. Down-regulation of human CSN4 or CSN5 induced proteasome-mediated degradation of the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBC3/Cdc34. UBC3 was targeted for ubiquitination by the cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase SCF(betaTrCP). This interaction required the acidic C-terminal extension of UBC3, which is absent in ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes of the UBCH5 family. Conversely, the UBC3 acidic domain was sufficient to impart sensitivity to SCF(betaTrCP)-mediated ubiquitination to UBCH5 enzymes. Our work indicates that the CSN is necessary to ensure the stability of selected ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes and uncovers a novel pathway of regulation of ubiquitination processes.
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