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A regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase increases the nuclear accumulation of X-box-binding protein-1 to modulate the unfolded protein response.

Nature medicine | Apr 8, 2010

Class Ia phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), an essential mediator of the metabolic actions of insulin, is composed of a catalytic (p110alpha or p110beta) and regulatory (p85alphaalpha, p85betaalpha or p55alpha) subunit. Here we show that p85alphaalpha interacts with X-box-binding protein-1 (XBP-1), a transcriptional mediator of the unfolded protein response (UPR), in an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-dependent manner. Cell lines with knockout or knockdown of p85alphaalpha show marked alterations in the UPR, including reduced ER stress-dependent accumulation of nuclear XBP-1, decreased induction of UPR target genes and increased rates of apoptosis. This is associated with a decreased activation of inositol-requiring protein-1alpha (IRE1alpha) and activating transcription factor-6alphaalpha (ATF6alpha). Mice with deletion of p85alpha in liver (L-Pik3r1(-/-)) show a similar attenuated UPR after tunicamycin administration, leading to an increased inflammatory response. Thus, p85alphaalpha forms a previously unrecognized link between the PI3K pathway, which is central to insulin action, and the regulation of the cellular response to ER stress, a state that when unresolved leads to insulin resistance.

Pubmed ID: 20348923 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Activating Transcription Factor 6 | Animals | Apoptosis | Cell Line | Cell Nucleus | DNA-Binding Proteins | Endoplasmic Reticulum | Endoribonucleases | Gene Knockdown Techniques | Insulin | Liver | Membrane Proteins | Mice | Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases | Regulatory Factor X Transcription Factors | Stress, Physiological | Trans-Activators | Transcription Factors | Tunicamycin | Unfolded Protein Response | X-Box Binding Protein 1

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

Associated grants

  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R01 DK055545
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK07260-30
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: T32 DK007260
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: P30 DK036836
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK55545

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