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Generation and characterization of a novel neural crest marker allele, Inka1-LacZ, reveals a role for Inka1 in mouse neural tube closure.

Previous studies identified Inka1 as a gene regulated by AP-2alpha in the neural crest required for craniofacial morphogenesis in fish and frog. Here, we extend the analysis of Inka1 function and regulation to the mouse by generating a LacZ knock-in allele. Inka1-LacZ allele expression occurs in the cephalic mesenchyme, heart, and paraxial mesoderm prior to E8.5. Subsequently, expression is observed in the migratory neural crest cells and their derivatives. Consistent with expression of Inka1 in tissues of the developing head during neurulation, a low percentage of Inka1(-/-) mice show exencephaly while the remainder are viable and fertile. Further studies indicate that AP-2alpha is not required for Inka1 expression in the mouse, and suggest that there is no significant genetic interaction between these two factors during embryogenesis. Together, these data demonstrate that while the expression domain of Inka1 is conserved among vertebrates, its function and regulation are not.

Pubmed ID: 20175189


  • Reid BS
  • Sargent TD
  • Williams T


Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists

Publication Data

April 29, 2010

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NIDCR NIH HHS, Id: DE12728
  • Agency: NIDCR NIH HHS, Id: R01 DE012728
  • Agency: NIDCR NIH HHS, Id: R01 DE012728-12S1

Mesh Terms

  • Alleles
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Genetic Markers
  • Lac Operon
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Neural Crest
  • Neural Tube
  • Neural Tube Defects
  • Neurulation
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins