Neuronally expressed auxilin and ubiquitously expressed cyclin-G-dependent kinase (GAK) are homologous proteins that act as cochaperones to support the Hsc70-dependent clathrin uncoating of clathrin-coated vesicles. GAK was previously shown to be essential in mouse during embryonic development and in the adult. We have now engineered an auxilin knockout mouse. Mutant mice had a high rate of early postnatal mortality and surviving pups generally had a lower body weight than wild-type pups, although they had a normal life span. GAK was up-regulated as much as 3-fold in the brains of both surviving neonates and adult mutant mice. An increased number of clathrin-coated vesicles and empty cages were present at knockout synapses both in situ and in primary neuronal cultures. Additionally, clathrin-mediated endocytosis of synaptic vesicles in knockout hippocampal neurons was impaired, most likely due to sequestration of coat components in assembled coats and cages. Collectively, our results demonstrate the specialized role of auxilin in the recycling of synaptic vesicles at synapses, but also show that its function can be partially compensated for by up-regulation of GAK.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.