Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Cytoplasmic protein quality control degradation mediated by parallel actions of the E3 ubiquitin ligases Ubr1 and San1.

Eukaryotic cells maintain proteostasis by quality control (QC) degradation. These pathways can specifically target a wide variety of distinct misfolded proteins, and so are important for management of cellular stress. Although a number of conserved QC pathways have been described in yeast, the E3 ligases responsible for cytoplasmic QC are unknown. We now show that Ubr1 and San1 mediate chaperone-dependent ubiquitination of numerous misfolded cytoplasmic proteins. This action of Ubr1 is distinct from its role in the "N-end rule." In this capacity, Ubr1 functions to protect cells from proteotoxic stresses. Our phenotypic and biochemical studies of Ubr1 and San1 indicate that two strategies are employed for cytoplasmic QC: chaperone-assisted ubiquitination by Ubr1 and chaperone-dependent delivery to nuclear San1. The broad conservation of Ubr ligases and the relevant chaperones indicates that these mechanisms will be important in understanding both basic and biomedical aspects of cellular proteostasis.

Pubmed ID: 20080635


  • Heck JW
  • Cheung SK
  • Hampton RY


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

January 19, 2010

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK051996
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: T32 GM008666

Mesh Terms

  • Cytoplasm
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases