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Induced chromosome deletions cause hypersociability and other features of Williams-Beuren syndrome in mice.

EMBO molecular medicine | Apr 5, 2009

The neurodevelopmental disorder Williams-Beuren syndrome is caused by spontaneous approximately 1.5 Mb deletions comprising 25 genes on human chromosome 7q11.23. To functionally dissect the deletion and identify dosage-sensitive genes, we created two half-deletions of the conserved syntenic region on mouse chromosome 5G2. Proximal deletion (PD) mice lack Gtf2i to Limk1, distal deletion (DD) mice lack Limk1 to Fkbp6, and the double heterozygotes (D/P) model the complete human deletion. Gene transcript levels in brain are generally consistent with gene dosage. Increased sociability and acoustic startle response are associated with PD, and cognitive defects with DD. Both PD and D/P males are growth-retarded, while skulls are shortened and brains are smaller in DD and D/P. Lateral ventricle (LV) volumes are reduced, and neuronal cell density in the somatosensory cortex is increased, in PD and D/P. Motor skills are most impaired in D/P. Together, these partial deletion mice replicate crucial aspects of the human disorder and serve to identify genes and gene networks contributing to the neural substrates of complex behaviours and behavioural disorders.

Pubmed ID: 20049703 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Brain | Chromosome Deletion | Cognition | Conditioning (Psychology) | Connective Tissue | Fear | Gene Expression Regulation | Heart Ventricles | Heterozygote | Humans | Mice | Motor Activity | Organ Size | Phenotype | Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction | Skull | Social Behavior | Williams Syndrome

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NICHD NIH HHS, Id: R01 HD039927
  • Agency: NICHD NIH HHS, Id: R01 HD39927

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BacPac Resources Center: BAC Clones Distribution Center

It is the distribution arm of their academic laboratory. They operate on a cost-recovery mechanism in order to make the resources generated in their laboratory available to the academic scientific community. While clones and screening services are widely available, library arrays are primarily available to researchers with a scientific need to analyze most clones in the library. This site contains information on currently available BAC and PAC genomic DNA libraries, BAC Clones, PAC Clones, Fosmid Clones, cDNA collections, high-density colony hybridization filters, and BAC and PAC cloning vectors. Protocols used in our laboratory for the hybridization-based screening of colony filters, purification of BAC and PAC DNA, and end-sequencing methodologies, are also provided. BPRC does not list clones, for two reasons: 1)most clones have not been characterized and lack specific data. 2)all clones are part of libraries and all clones from a particular library share common characteristics. Hence, to find out if BPRC has a particular clone, one needs either use Automatic Clone Validation or else find out if the clone is compatible with the range of clone names for a corresponding clone library. Typically (although not always), clone names are derived from the library name. BPRC uses the NCBI-recommended clone nomenclature & library nomenclature. Most arrayed libraries are available in frozen microtiter dish format to academic and non-academic users provided that there is a scientific need for complete-library access. (for instance to annotate, modify or analyze all BAC clones as part of a genome project).


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