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An overview of the PubChem BioAssay resource.

Nucleic acids research | Jan 22, 2010

The PubChem BioAssay database (http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) is a public repository for biological activities of small molecules and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) hosted by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). It archives experimental descriptions of assays and biological test results and makes the information freely accessible to the public. A PubChem BioAssay data entry includes an assay description, a summary and detailed test results. Each assay record is linked to the molecular target, whenever possible, and is cross-referenced to other National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database records. 'Related BioAssays' are identified by examining the assay target relationship and activity profile of commonly tested compounds. A key goal of PubChem BioAssay is to make the biological activity information easily accessible through the NCBI information retrieval system-Entrez, and various web-based PubChem services. An integrated suite of data analysis tools are available to optimize the utility of the chemical structure and biological activity information within PubChem, enabling researchers to aggregate, compare and analyze biological test results contributed by multiple organizations. In this work, we describe the PubChem BioAssay database, including data model, bioassay deposition and utilities that PubChem provides for searching, downloading and analyzing the biological activity information contained therein.

Pubmed ID: 19933261 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Biological Assay | Computational Biology | Databases, Factual | Databases, Protein | Dictionaries, Chemical | Humans | Information Storage and Retrieval | Internet | National Library of Medicine (U.S.) | Pharmaceutical Preparations | Pharmacology | Software | Structure-Activity Relationship | United States

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NCBI Probe

Public registry of nucleic acid reagents designed for use in a wide variety of biomedical research applications including genotyping, gene expression studies, SNP discovery, genome mapping, and gene silencing. Probe records contain information on reagent distributors, probe effectiveness, and computed sequence similarities. The database is constantly updated, with over 11,000,000 probes available. Users may deposit their data into NCBI Probe Database.

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