• Register
X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X

Leaving Community

Are you sure you want to leave this community? Leaving the community will revoke any permissions you have been granted in this community.

No
Yes

Critical role for asparagine endopeptidase in endocytic Toll-like receptor signaling in dendritic cells.

Intracellular Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3), TLR7, and TLR9 localize in endosomes and recognize single-stranded RNA and nucleotides from viruses and bacteria. This interaction induces their conformational changes resulting in the production of proinflammatory cytokines and upregulation of cell surface molecules. TLR9 requires a proteolytic cleavage for its signaling. Here, we report that myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (DCs) deficient for the asparagine endopeptidase (AEP), a cysteine lysosomal protease, showed a decrease in the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in response to TLR9 stimulation in vitro and in vivo. Upon stimulation, full-length TLR9 was cleaved into a 72 kDa fragment and this processing was strongly reduced in DCs lacking AEP. Processed TLR9 coeluted with the adaptor molecule MyD88 and AEP after size exclusion chromatography. When expressed in AEP-deficient DCs, the 72 kDa proteolytic fragment restored TLR9 signaling. Thus, our results identify an endocytic protease playing a critical role in TLR processing and signaling in DCs.

Pubmed ID: 19879164