We have updated our privacy policy. If you have any question, contact us at privacy@scicrunch.org. Dismiss and don't show again

Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Expression and function of the homoeotic genes Antennapedia and Sex combs reduced in the embryonic midgut of Drosophila.

Drosophila homoeotic genes control the formation of external morphological features of the embryo and adult, and in addition affect differentiation of the nervous system. Here we describe the morphogenetic events in the midgut that are controlled by the homoeotic genes Sex combs reduced (Scr) and Antennapedia (Antp). The midgut is composed of two cell layers, an inner endoderm and an outer visceral mesoderm that surround the yolk. Scr and Antp are expressed in the visceral mesoderm but not in the endoderm. The two genes are required for different aspects of the midgut morphogenesis. In Scr null mutant embryos the gastric caeca fail to form. Scr is expressed in the visceral mesoderm cells posterior to the primordia of the gastric caeca and appears to be indirectly required for the formation of the caeca. Antp is expressed in visceral mesoderm cells that overlie a part of the midgut where a constriction will form, and Antp null mutant embryos fail to form this constriction. An ultrastructural analysis of the midgut reveals that the visceral mesoderm imposes the constriction on the endoderm and the yolk. The mesodermal tissue contracts within the constriction and thereby penetrates the layer of the midgut endoderm. Microtubules participate in the morphological changes of the visceral mesoderm cells. The analysis of the expression of Scr in Antp mutant embryos revealed a case of tissue-specific regulation of Scr expression by Antp. In the epidermis, Antp has been shown to negatively regulate Scr, but it positively regulates Scr in the visceral mesoderm.

Pubmed ID: 1976087 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Drosophila | Gene Expression | Genes, Homeobox | Immunohistochemistry | Intestines | Mesoderm | Microscopy, Electron

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

  • Agency: PHS HHS, Id: 18163

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

This is a list of tools and resources that we have found mentioned in this publication.