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MouseCyc: a curated biochemical pathways database for the laboratory mouse.

Genome biology | Sep 18, 2009

Linking biochemical genetic data to the reference genome for the laboratory mouse is important for comparative physiology and for developing mouse models of human biology and disease. We describe here a new database of curated metabolic pathways for the laboratory mouse called MouseCyc http://mousecyc.jax.org. MouseCyc has been integrated with genetic and genomic data for the laboratory mouse available from the Mouse Genome Informatics database and with pathway data from other organisms, including human.

Pubmed ID: 19682380 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Biosynthetic Pathways | Databases, Genetic | Disease Models, Animal | Humans | Mice

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This is a list of tools and resources that we have found mentioned in this publication.


A collection of Pathway/Genome Databases which describes the genome and metabolic pathways of a single organism. The BioCyc collection of Pathway/Genome Databases (PGDBs) provides an electronic reference source on the genomes and metabolic pathways of sequenced organisms. BioCyc PGDBs are generated by software that predicts the metabolic pathway complements of completely sequenced organisms from their genome sequences. They also include the results of a number of other computational inference procedures applied to these genomes, including predictions of which genes code for missing enzymes in metabolic pathways, and predicted operons. The BioCyc Web site provides a suite of software tools for database searching and visualization, for omics data analysis, and for comparative genomics and comparative pathway questions. The databases within the BioCyc collection are organized into tiers according to the amount of manual review and updating they have received. Tier 1 PGDBs have been created through intensive manual efforts, and receive continuous updating. Tier 2 PGDBs were computationally generated by the PathoLogic program, and have undergone moderate amounts of review and updating. Tier 3 PGDBs were computationally generated by the PathoLogic program, and have undergone no review and updating. There are 967 DBs in Tier 3. The downloadable version of BioCyc that includes the Pathway Tools software provides more speed and power than the BioCyc Web site.


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PubChem Substance

As one of three primary databases of PubChem (Pcsubstance, Pccompound, and PCBioAssay), PubChem Substance Database contains descriptions of chemical samples, from a variety of sources, and links to PubMed citations, protein 3D structures, and biological screening results that are available in PubChem BioAssay. If the contents of a chemical sample are known, the description includes links to PubChem Compound. A PubChem FTP is available and new data is accepted into the repository. Pcsubstance contains more than 81 million records (2011).


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Enzyme Nomenclature

Recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology on the nomenclature and classification of enzymes by the reactions they catalyze. Also included are links to individual documents and advice is provided on how to suggest new enzymes for listing, or correction of existing entries. The common names of all listed enzymes are listed, along with their EC numbers. Where an enzyme has been deleted or transferred to another EC number, this information is also indicated. Each list is linked to either separate entries for each entry or to files with up to 50 enzymes in each file. A start has been made in showing the pathways in which enzymes participate. For other enzymes a glossary entry has been added which may be just a systematic name or a link to a graphic representation. The glossary from Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992 may also be consulted. This has been updated with subsequent glossary entries. Each enzyme entry has links to other databases. Enzyme Subclasses provide links to a list of sub-subclasses which in turn list the enzymes linked to separate files for each enzyme, or to a list as part of a file with up to 50 enzymes per file.


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An integrated data resource for mouse genetic, genomic, and biological information. MGD includes a variety of data, ranging from gene characterization and genomic structures, to orthologous relationships between mouse genes and those of other mammalian species, to maps (genetic, cytogenetic, physical), to descriptions of mutant phenotypes, to characteristics of inbred strains, to information about biological reagents such as clones and primers. Data are accessed via search/retrieval Web forms and displayed as tables, text, and graphical maps, with supporting primary data. A rich set of hypertext links is provided, such as those from gene and clone information to DNA and protein sequence databases (GenBank, EMBL, DDBJ, SWISS-PROT), from bibliographic data to PubMed, from phenotypes to OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man), and from gene homology records to the genomic databases of other species. MGD's data integration process places disparate data in contextual relationship, bringing together information from electronic downloads, the mouse Chromosome Committees, submissions from individual researchers, and actively curated data from the published literature. MGD encourages community participation via contributions of data and the development of consensus representations of the mouse genome. The resource's electronic bulletin boards are maintained to facilitate communication and collaboration among interested scientists. These Bulletin Boards provide a forum for community discussions and an excellent communication vehicle for MGD news. For more on the Mouse Genome Database follow the link, http://www.informatics.jax.org/mgihome/projects/overview.shtml.


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