The stomach-derived hormone ghrelin interacts with key CNS circuits regulating energy balance and body weight. Here we provide evidence that the central ghrelin signaling system is required for alcohol reward. Central ghrelin administration (to brain ventricles or to tegmental areas involved in reward) increased alcohol intake in a 2-bottle (alcohol/water) free choice limited access paradigm in mice. By contrast, central or peripheral administration of ghrelin receptor (GHS-R1A) antagonists suppressed alcohol intake in this model. Alcohol-induced locomotor stimulation, accumbal dopamine release and conditioned place preference were abolished in models of suppressed central ghrelin signaling: GHS-R1A knockout mice and mice treated with 2 different GHS-R1A antagonists. Thus, central ghrelin signaling, via GHS-R1A, not only stimulates the reward system, but is also required for stimulation of that system by alcohol. Our data suggest that central ghrelin signaling constitutes a potential target for treatment of alcohol-related disorders.
Pubmed ID: 19564604 RIS Download
Mesh terms: Animals | Central Nervous System | Conditioning, Classical | Dopamine | Ethanol | Ghrelin | Injections, Intraperitoneal | Injections, Intraventricular | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Models, Biological | Models, Genetic | Motor Activity | Nucleus Accumbens | Receptors, Ghrelin | Reward | Signal Transduction | Ventral Tegmental Area
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