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Choosing a control group in effectiveness trials of behavioral drug abuse treatments.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19553062

Effectiveness trials are an important step in the scientific process of developing and evaluating behavioral treatments. The focus on effectiveness research presents a different set of requirements on the research design when compared with efficacy studies. The choice of a control condition has many implications for a clinical trial's internal and external validity. The purpose of this article was to provide a discussion of the issues involved in choosing a control group for effectiveness trials of behavioral interventions in substance abuse treatment. The authors provide a description of four trial designs and a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Pubmed ID: 19553062 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Behavior Therapy | Control Groups | Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic | Humans | Research Design | Substance-Related Disorders

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: 1K23 DA021512
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: K23 DA021512
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: K23 DA021512-02
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: U10 DA013732-06
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: U10 DA013732-07
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: U10 DA013732-08
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: U10 DA013732-09
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: U10 DA13720
  • Agency: NIDA NIH HHS, Id: U10 DA13732

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