Modulation of TLR signaling by multiple MyD88-interacting partners including leucine-rich repeat Fli-I-interacting proteins.
Emerging evidences suggest TLR-mediated signaling is tightly regulated by a specific chain of intracellular protein-protein interactions, some of which are yet to be identified. Previously we utilized a dual-tagging quantitative proteomics approach to uncover MyD88 interactions in LPS-stimulated cells and described the function of Fliih, a leucine-rich repeat (LRR) protein that negatively regulates NF-kappaB activity. Here we characterize two distinct LRR-binding MyD88 interactors, LRRFIP2 and Flap-1, and found that both are positive regulators of NF-kappaB activity. Upon LPS stimulation, LRRFIP2 was also found to positively regulate cytokine production in macrophages, suggesting a functional role in TLR4-mediated inflammatory response. Furthermore, we observed that immediately following LPS stimulation both LRRFIP2 and Flap-1 compete with Fliih for interacting with MyD88 to activate the signaling. By using a novel multiplex quantitative proteomic approach, we found that at endogenous levels these positive and negative regulators interact with MyD88 in a timely and orderly manner to differentially mediate the NF-kappaB activity through the course of signaling from initiation to prolongation, and to repression. Based on these data, we describe a mechanistic model in which selective modulation of TLR signaling is achieved by temporal and dynamic interactions of MyD88 with its regulators.
Pubmed ID: 19265123 RIS Download
Animals | Binding, Competitive | Carrier Proteins | Cell Line | Cell Line, Tumor | Cytoskeletal Proteins | Humans | Macrophages | Mice | Mice, Inbred C3H | Microfilament Proteins | Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 | NF-kappa B | Protein Binding | RNA-Binding Proteins | Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear | Signal Transduction | Toll-Like Receptor 4