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Nuclear receptor corepressor and histone deacetylase 3 govern circadian metabolic physiology.

Nature | Dec 18, 2008

Rhythmic changes in histone acetylation at circadian clock genes suggest that temporal modulation of gene expression is regulated by chromatin modifications. Furthermore, recent studies demonstrate a critical relationship between circadian and metabolic physiology. The nuclear receptor corepressor 1 (Ncor1) functions as an activating subunit for the chromatin modifying enzyme histone deacetylase 3 (Hdac3). Lack of Ncor1 is incompatible with life, and hence it is unknown whether Ncor1, and particularly its regulation of Hdac3, is critical for adult mammalian physiology. Here we show that specific, genetic disruption of the Ncor1-Hdac3 interaction in mice causes aberrant regulation of clock genes and results in abnormal circadian behaviour. These mice are also leaner and more insulin-sensitive owing to increased energy expenditure. Unexpectedly, loss of a functional Ncor1-Hdac3 complex in vivo does not lead to sustained increases in known catabolic genes, but instead significantly alters the oscillatory patterns of several metabolic genes, demonstrating that circadian regulation of metabolism is critical for normal energy balance. These findings indicate that activation of Hdac3 by Ncor1 is a nodal point in the epigenetic regulation of circadian and metabolic physiology.

Pubmed ID: 19037247 RIS Download

Mesh terms: ARNTL Transcription Factors | Amino Acid Substitution | Animals | Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors | Biological Clocks | Cells, Cultured | Circadian Rhythm | Diet | Energy Metabolism | Female | Gene Expression Regulation | Histone Deacetylases | Liver | Male | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Nuclear Proteins | Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 1 | Obesity | Repressor Proteins

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK49210
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R37 DK043806-15
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK50306
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: P30 DK050306
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK43806
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R37 DK043806-17
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: P01 DK049210
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK19525
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R37 DK043806-16
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R37 DK043806
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: P30 DK019525

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An independent, nonprofit organization focused on mammalian genetics research to advance human health. Their mission is to discover the genetic basis for preventing, treating, and curing human disease, and to enable research for the global biomedical community. Jackson Laboratory breeds and manages colonies of mice as resources for other research institutions and laboratories, along with providing software and techniques. Jackson Lab also conducts genetic research and provides educational material for various educational levels.

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