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AmiGO: online access to ontology and annotation data.

AmiGO is a web application that allows users to query, browse and visualize ontologies and related gene product annotation (association) data. AmiGO can be used online at the Gene Ontology (GO) website to access the data provided by the GO Consortium; it can also be downloaded and installed to browse local ontologies and annotations. AmiGO is free open source software developed and maintained by the GO Consortium.

Pubmed ID: 19033274 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Computational Biology | Databases, Genetic | Information Storage and Retrieval | Internet | Software | User-Computer Interface

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

This is a list of tools and resources that we have found mentioned in this publication.


AmiGO

Official Web-based tools for searching and browsing the Gene Ontology database, which consists of a controlled vocabulary of terms covering biological concepts, and a large number of genes or gene products whose attributes have been annotated using GO terms. It can be accessed online at the main installation or deployed locally. The Gene Ontology project is a major bioinformatics initiative with the aim of standardizing the representation of gene and gene product attributes across species and databases. AmiGO can be used to:
* search for a gene or gene product, or a list of gene or gene products, and view the GO term associations
* perform a sequence identity BLAST search and view the GO term associations for the genes or proteins returned
* search for GO terms and view the genes or gene products they are annotated to
* browse the GO ontology and view terms
* the slimmer tool can be used to map the granular annotations of the query set of genes to one or more high-level
* term enrichment tool is used to discover what a set of genes may have in common by examining annotations and finding significant shared GO terms.
* GOOSE is for advanced users who want to run custom SQL queries against the GO database.

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GO

A community-based bioinformatics resource consisting of three structured controlled vocabularies (ontologies) for the annotation of gene products with respect to their molecular function, cellular component, and biological role in a species-independent manner. This initiative to standardize the representation of gene and gene product attributes across species and databases is an effort to address the need for consistent descriptions of gene products in different databases. The Gene Ontology project encourages input from the community into both the content of the GO and annotation using GO. There are three separate aspects to this effort: first, they write and maintain the ontologies themselves; second, they make cross-links between the ontologies and the genes and gene products in the collaborating databases; and third, they develop tools that facilitate the creation, maintenance and use of ontologies. The controlled vocabularies are structured so that users can query them at different levels: for example, uers can use GO to find all the gene products in the mouse genome that are involved in signal transduction, or users can zoom in on all the receptor tyrosine kinases. This structure also allows annotators to assign properties to gene products at different levels, depending on how much is known about a gene product.

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RefGenome

The GO Consortium coordinates an effort to maximize and optimize the GO annotation of a large and representative set of key genomes, known as ''reference genomes''. The goal of the Reference Genome Annotation project is to completely annotate twelve reference genomes so that those annotations may be used to effectively seed the automatic annotation efforts of other genomes. With more and more genomes being sequenced, we are in the middle of an explosion of genomic information. The limited resources to manually annotate the growing number of sequenced genomes imply that automatic annotation will be the method of choice for many groups. The Reference Genome project has two primary goals: to increase the depth and breadth of annotations for genes in each of the organisms in the project, and to create data sets and tools that enable other genome annotation efforts to infer GO annotations for homologous genes in their organisms. In addition, the project has several important incidental benefits, such as increasing annotation consistency across genome databases, and providing important improvements to the GO''s logical structure and biological content. All GO annotations from this project are included in the gene association files that each group submits to GO. Annotations can also be viewed using the GO search engine and browser AmiGO. Annotated families can be viewed with the homolog set browser.

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go-db-perl

Software resource that extends the functionality of go-perl (on which it depends) with GO Database access functionality. go-db-perl comes bundled with various scripts and a shell command line interface that can be used as standalone tools. Installation is more involved than for go-perl; you will need a MySQL database plus the requisite DBI and DBD Perl modules. Full installation instructions are included in the download. go-db-perl is in use both to drive AmiGO and internally within Ensembl. Platform: Windows compatible, Mac OS X compatible, Linux compatible, Unix compatible

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go-perl

go-perl is a set of Perl modules for parsing, manipulating and exporting ontologies and annotations. It includes parsers for the OBO and GO gene association file formats. It has a graph-based object model with methods for graph traversal. For more details, see the documentation included with the modules. go-perl comes bundled with XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) transforms (which can also be used independently of Perl, provided you have files in OBO-XML format), as well as scripts that can be used as standalone tools. Installation should be simple, provided you have some experience with Perl and CPAN; see the INSTALL file for details. Platform: Windows compatible, Mac OS X compatible, Linux compatible, Unix compatible

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