Histone deacetylase 6 interacts with the microtubule-associated protein tau.
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), a unique cytoplasmic deacetylase, likely plays a role in neurodegeneration by coordinating cell responses to abnormal protein aggregation. Here, we provide in vitro and in vivo evidence that HDAC6 interacts with tau, a microtubule-associated protein that forms neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease. This interaction is mediated by the microtubule-binding domain on tau and the Ser/Glu tetradecapeptide domain on HDAC6. Treatment with tubacin, a selective inhibitor of tubulin deacetylation activity of HDAC6, did not disrupt HDAC6-tau interaction. Nonetheless tubacin treatment attenuated site-specific tau phosphorylation, as did shRNA-mediated knockdown of HDAC6. Proteasome inhibition potentiated HDAC6-tau interactions and facilitated the concentration and co-localization of HDAC6 and tau in a perinuclear aggresome-like compartment, independent of HDAC6 tubulin deacetylase activity. Furthermore, we observed that in Alzheimer's disease brains the protein level of HDAC6 was significantly increased. These findings establish HDAC6 as a tau-interacting protein and as a potential modulator of tau phosphorylation and accumulation.
Pubmed ID: 18636984 RIS Download
Aged | Alzheimer Disease | Anilides | Brain | Cell Compartmentation | Cell Line | Down-Regulation | Enzyme Inhibitors | Female | Histone Deacetylases | Humans | Hydroxamic Acids | Male | Microtubules | Middle Aged | Neurofibrillary Tangles | Neurons | Organelles | Phosphorylation | Protein Binding | Protein Structure, Tertiary | RNA, Small Interfering | tau Proteins