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RNF4 is a poly-SUMO-specific E3 ubiquitin ligase required for arsenic-induced PML degradation.

In acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), the promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) protein is fused to the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RAR). This disease can be treated effectively with arsenic, which induces PML modification by small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMO) and proteasomal degradation. Here we demonstrate that the RING-domain-containing ubiquitin E3 ligase, RNF4 (also known as SNURF), targets poly-SUMO-modified proteins for degradation mediated by ubiquitin. RNF4 depletion or proteasome inhibition led to accumulation of mixed, polyubiquitinated, poly-SUMO chains. PML protein accumulated in RNF4-depleted cells and was ubiquitinated by RNF4 in a SUMO-dependent fashion in vitro. In the absence of RNF4, arsenic failed to induce degradation of PML and SUMO-modified PML accumulated in the nucleus. These results demonstrate that poly-SUMO chains can act as discrete signals from mono-SUMOylation, in this case targeting a poly-SUMOylated substrate for ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis.

Pubmed ID: 18408734


  • Tatham MH
  • Geoffroy MC
  • Shen L
  • Plechanovova A
  • Hattersley N
  • Jaffray EG
  • Palvimo JJ
  • Hay RT


Nature cell biology

Publication Data

May 5, 2008

Associated Grants

  • Agency: Cancer Research UK, Id:
  • Agency: Wellcome Trust, Id:

Mesh Terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Arsenic
  • Cell Line
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Rats
  • SUMO-1 Protein
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Ubiquitin
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases