Regulation of LFA-1-dependent inflammatory cell recruitment by Cbl-b and 14-3-3 proteins.
Inside-out signaling regulation of the beta2-integrin leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) by different cytoplasmic proteins, including 14-3-3 proteins, is essential for adhesion and migration of immune cells. Here, we identify a new pathway for the regulation of LFA-1 activity by Cbl-b, an adapter molecule and ubiquitin ligase that modulates several signaling pathways. Cbl-b-/- mice displayed increased macrophage recruitment in thioglycollate-induced peritonitis, which was attributed to Cbl-b deficiency in macrophages, as assessed by bone marrow chimera experiments. In vitro, Cbl-b-/- bone marrow-derived mononuclear phagocytes (BMDMs) displayed increased adhesion to endothelial cells. Activation of LFA-1 in Cbl-b-deficient cells was responsible for their increased endothelial adhesion in vitro and peritoneal recruitment in vivo, as the phenotype of Cbl-b deficiency was reversed in Cbl-b-/-LFA-1-/- mice. Consistently, LFA-1-mediated adhesion of BMDM to ICAM-1 but not VLA-4-mediated adhesion to VCAM-1 was enhanced by Cbl-b deficiency. Cbl-b deficiency resulted in increased phosphorylation of T758 in the beta2-chain of LFA-1 and thereby in enhanced association of 14-3-3beta protein with the beta2-chain, leading to activation of LFA-1. Consistently, disruption of the 14-3-3/beta2-integrin interaction abrogated the enhanced ICAM-1 adhesion of Cbl-b-/- BMDMs. In conclusion, Cbl-b deficiency activates LFA-1 and LFA-1-mediated inflammatory cell recruitment by stimulating the interaction between the LFA-1 beta-chain and 14-3-3 proteins.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.