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Integrating patterning signals: Wnt/GSK3 regulates the duration of the BMP/Smad1 signal.

BMP receptors determine the intensity of BMP signals via Smad1 C-terminal phosphorylations. Here we show that a finely controlled cell biological pathway terminates this activity. The duration of the activated pSmad1(Cter) signal was regulated by sequential Smad1 linker region phosphorylations at conserved MAPK and GSK3 sites required for its polyubiquitinylation and transport to the centrosome. Proteasomal degradation of activated Smad1 and total polyubiquitinated proteins took place in the centrosome. Inhibitors of the Erk, p38, and JNK MAPKs, as well as GSK3 inhibitors, prolonged the duration of a pulse of BMP7. Wnt signaling decreased pSmad1(GSK3) antigen levels and redistributed it from the centrosome to cytoplasmic LRP6 signalosomes. In Xenopus embryos, it was found that Wnts induce epidermis and that this required an active BMP-Smad pathway. Epistatic experiments suggested that the dorsoventral (BMP) and anteroposterior (Wnt/GSK3) patterning gradients are integrated at the level of Smad1 phosphorylations during embryonic pattern formation.

Pubmed ID: 18045539


  • Fuentealba LC
  • Eivers E
  • Ikeda A
  • Hurtado C
  • Kuroda H
  • Pera EM
  • De Robertis EM



Publication Data

November 30, 2007

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NICHD NIH HHS, Id: HD21502-21
  • Agency: NICHD NIH HHS, Id: R01 HD021502
  • Agency: NICHD NIH HHS, Id: R01 HD021502-21A1

Mesh Terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
  • COS Cells
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Centrosome
  • Cercopithecus aethiops
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Signal Transduction
  • Smad1 Protein
  • Time Factors
  • Ubiquitination
  • Wnt Proteins
  • Xenopus