Engagement of antigen receptors triggers the proliferation and functional activation of lymphocytes. Here we report that T cell homeostasis and antigen-induced responses require the COP9 signalosome (CSN), a regulator of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Conditional deletion of the CSN subunit Csn8 in peripheral T lymphocytes disrupted formation of the CSN complex, reduced T cell survival and proliferation in vivo and impaired antigen-induced production of interleukin 2. Moreover, Csn8-deficient T cells showed defective entry into the cell cycle from the G0 quiescent state. This phenotype was associated with a lack of signal-induced expression of cell cycle-related genes, including G1 cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases, and with excessive induction of p21(Cip1). Our data define a CSN-dependent pathway of transcriptional control that is essential for antigen-induced initiation of T cell proliferation.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.