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Brain IRS2 signaling coordinates life span and nutrient homeostasis.

Science (New York, N.Y.) | Jul 20, 2007

Reduced insulin-like signaling extends the life span of Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila. Here, we show that, in mice, less insulin receptor substrate-2 (Irs2) signaling throughout the body or just in the brain extended life span up to 18%. At 22 months of age, brain-specific Irs2 knockout mice were overweight, hyperinsulinemic, and glucose intolerant; however, compared with control mice, they were more active and displayed greater glucose oxidation, and during meals they displayed stable superoxide dismutase-2 concentrations in the hypothalamus. Thus, less Irs2 signaling in aging brains can promote healthy metabolism, attenuate meal-induced oxidative stress, and extend the life span of overweight and insulin-resistant mice.

Pubmed ID: 17641201 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Aging | Animals | Brain | Circadian Rhythm | Crosses, Genetic | Diet | Female | Glucose | Homeostasis | Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins | Insulin Resistance | Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins | Longevity | Male | Mice | Mice, Knockout | Mice, Transgenic | Overweight | Oxidation-Reduction | Oxygen Consumption | Phosphoproteins | Respiration | Signal Transduction | Superoxide Dismutase