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Transcriptional control of brown fat determination by PRDM16.

Cell metabolism | Jul 9, 2007

Brown fat cells are specialized to dissipate energy and can counteract obesity; however, the transcriptional basis of their determination is largely unknown. We show here that the zinc-finger protein PRDM16 is highly enriched in brown fat cells compared to white fat cells. When expressed in white fat cell progenitors, PRDM16 activates a robust brown fat phenotype including induction of PGC-1alpha, UCP1, and type 2 deiodinase (Dio2) expression and a remarkable increase in uncoupled respiration. Transgenic expression of PRDM16 at physiological levels in white fat depots stimulates the formation of brown fat cells. Depletion of PRDM16 through shRNA expression in brown fat cells causes a near total loss of the brown characteristics. PRDM16 activates brown fat cell identity at least in part by simultaneously activating PGC-1alpha and PGC-1beta through direct protein binding. These data indicate that PRDM16 can control the determination of brown fat fate.

Pubmed ID: 17618855 RIS Download

Mesh terms: 3T3-L1 Cells | Adipocytes | Adipocytes, Brown | Adipocytes, White | Adipose Tissue, Brown | Adipose Tissue, White | Animals | Blotting, Western | COS Cells | Cell Differentiation | Cell Respiration | Cells, Cultured | Cercopithecus aethiops | DNA-Binding Proteins | Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay | Fibroblasts | Gene Expression Regulation | Genes, Reporter | Iodide Peroxidase | Ion Channels | Male | Mice | Mice, Inbred C3H | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Mice, Knockout | Mice, Transgenic | Mitochondria | Mitochondrial Proteins | Oxygen Consumption | Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha | Phenotype | Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction | Trans-Activators | Transcription Factors | Transcription, Genetic | Uncoupling Protein 1

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R01 DK031405
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R37 DK031405
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R37 DK031405-25
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK31405-24

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